Saturday, May 16, 2020

Victorian Ideals in Middlemarch Free Essay Example, 1750 words

Victorian ideals of the proper woman were founded on four core principles those of piety, purity, submissiveness, and domesticity. The hierarchy of these four core values was delineated by Barbara Welter in the 1960s in their order of social importance. Young men looking for a mate were cautioned to search first for piety". Because religion didn t take women away from her proper place within the home as so many other societies or movements did, piety was considered a safe avenue for a woman to pursue. She would be another, better Eve, working in cooperation with the Redeemer, bringing the world back from its revolt and sin. The world would be reclaimed for God through her suffering (Welter, 1966: 152). Next, to piety, purity was necessary in order to access the power inherent in the cult. Without [purity] she was, in fact, no woman at all, but a member of some lower order To contemplate the loss of purity brought tears; to be guilty of such a crime brought madness or death (W elter, 1966: 154). However, this power was expected to be relinquished upon the wedding night as the woman traded in her purity, setting up a paradox that proved difficult to explain away. We will write a custom essay sample on Victorian Ideals in Middlemarch or any topic specifically for you Only $17.96 $11.86/page If she chose to listen to other voices than those of her proper mentors, sought other rooms than those of her home, she lost both her happiness and her power (Welter, 1966: 173). All of these concepts come into play as Eliot illustrates the problem in reconciling the ideals of womanhood with the realities of their nature.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Iowa Wild Nature Always Wears The Colors Of The Spirit

Iowa Wild Nature always wears the colors of the spirit. —Ralph Waldo Emerson I sleep the sleep of mothers—which is to say, I wake at the noises my husband snores through. In the waxing light of day, coyotes yip and howl a few miles down the creek. Though these tricksters are no threat to us, their calls have woken me early. Grabbing my glasses, I sit up and soak in the rare site of my boys peacefully lying next to one another—no arguing, no wrestling, no teasing. Three daddy longlegs cling to the inside of the tent; one just inches away from Batman’s plastic nose. Saylor eats, plays, and sleeps in the comic universe, but that tiny arachnid would scare him worse than if the apocalyptic horrors found in his stories actually came to life. I debate about climbing over everyone to reach it. If I don’t remove the thing and Saylor wakes, all hell will break loose. If I reach over to remove it, I will likely wake someone up and erase my rare chance at some alone time zen in the wilderness. I choose zen. The northeastern part of my home state lures me in each summer. It sings in the ancient language of deeply carved river valleys and teaches wisdom from lofty limestone bluffs. This Driftless Area, untouched by the last of the glaciers and unlike the more well-known topography of the corn belt, welcomes my family when we have a desire to wade knee deep in trout fishing heaven. We pitch tents in Yellow River State Forest, just yards away from the creek where rainbows and browns hideShow MoreRelatedRastafarian79520 Words   |  319 PagesOutcasts to Culture Bearers is that it correctly traces the connection between the emergence of Rastafarianism and the history of resistance and black consciousness that has been part of the Jamaican experience for years. The truth is that there has always been a committed Jamaican counter- culture that celebrates and sees redemption in Africa and rejects the European values that have oppressed a society. 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He is certified Scrum Master. v â€Å"Man’s mind, once stretched by a new idea, never regains its original dimensions.† Oliver Wendell Holmes, Jr. To my family who have always encircled me with love and encouragement—my parents (Samuel and Charlotte), my wife (Mary), my sons and their wives (Kevin and Dawn, Robert and Sally) and their children (Ryan, Carly, Connor and Lauren). C.F.G. â€Å"We must not cease from exploration

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

How Narrative Techniques Are Employed Within Jane Eyre free essay sample

Discuss how Charlotte Bronte employs narrative techniques in the novel Jane Eyre Throughout Jane Eyre, Bronte incorporates narrative techniques to emphasise certain points and to keep the reader’s attention. In the first few chapters of the novel we are introduced into the world she is surrounded by, with the use of very descriptive imagery, with a gothic element also incorporated for the audience to obtain a grasp of Jane’s situation. As the nature of the book develops and unravels, frequently used devices such as the incorporation of a gothic element is seen throughout many of the main chapters. For example, the lead up before the fire scene is build up through the eerie laughs made by Bertha, although at the time we do not know this. Also, using first person narration emphasises not only the personality of the narrator, but also makes the audience feel as if they are being directly addressed and included within the novel. Literary techniques are re-enforced throughout the novel to directly emphasise certain points and re-iterate subjects within the reader’s mind. For example, rhetorical questions asked by Mr. Rochester as he accuses Jane of never having felt love. The metaphors throughout the novel represent symbols for things that are needs or wants within Jane’s life, seen through food, fire and burning, the chestnut tree and the moon. Gothic imagery appears frequently throughout the novel, as Bronte has employed this element to become a technique to achieve the flow of the narrative. Through several important scenes, the gothic imagery is prevalent. In the red room, it is described to be dark like blood, along with a mirror that provides ‘subdued, broken reflections varying the gloss of its panels’ and distorts her appearance. The red room is actually where Mr. Reed had taken his last breaths and Jane believes his ghost haunts the room, troubled by wrongdoing of his last wishes. In these few pages, the red room where a family member had passed away, the colour of the room itself and the romantic gothic scene of rain on the moors are prominent as parts of the gothic element and set precedent for the rest of the gothic elements within the novel. The incident on the third floor of Thornfield introduces Jane and the reader to the first gothic aspects of what is to be the most extended location throughout the novel. Jane describes Thornfield as dark, old and laboured with the secrets and memories of the past. This sets Thornfield Hall as the mysterious manor which has the potential to turn supernatural ‘strange, indeed, by the pallid gleam of moonlight’ as Jane claims. Through the beginning of the mysterious and curious laughs made, Ms. Fairfax claims it is Grace Poole’s laugh, and as Jane does not believe this, neither does the reader. The reference to Blue Beard’s Castle is important because the French Fairytale is a Pre-Gothic account of a duke who murders all his wives and puts their bodies in different closets, and telling the new wives they are forbidden to look behind the doors. As every wife looks behind the door, they are murdered and this provides an interesting prediction of what is behind the door. Although the tale is a pre-Gothic based plot, it resonates many of the gothic plot within the novel through the mysterious castle, the cold, damp, moonlight environment, the mysterious, misunderstood, enigmatic yet lovable male character, who is only understood and cured of his torment by the marriage or companionship with a good Christian female who would enter the plot (Jane). In the visitation to Jane’s room the night before her wedding, we see it is not Grace Poole, but Rochester’s first wife who is hysterical and insane, being watched over by Grace Poole in the attic. In her visit to Jane’s room, Jane is revisited by the greatest terror, only equal to that of the red room as it is the only other time Jane has passed out. The enactment of Jane trying on the veil and gazing into the mirror, is later re-enacted by Jane the morning of the wedding (page 252). When Jane looks in the mirror she only sees ‘a robed and veiled figure the image of a stranger. ’ This is a typical example of Gothic imagery employed throughout the narrative. The narrative technique used for first person point of view is a constant point of view that creates a more consistent work, as it also tends to give more credibility or authority to the narrative, since the person telling the story (Jane) observed or was involved in all the incidents. ‘Reader, I married him’, is an example of how the first person point of view creates the sense of involvement between the narrator and the reader or the observer, as well as ‘I am glad you are no relation of mine. I will never call you aunt again as long as I live’. This last quotation demonstrates the negative aspect to the first person narration, as it only presents a one-sided view on every situation and incident to occur in the novel. It is also limited to what the narrator saw or had heard as well as the interpretation of the remaining characters within the novel. Although the audience may feel very involved with the narrator’s experiences within the novel, the action is being completed before the story begins and the narrative may not be as vivid or lively as fiction using other points of view, and the characters and incidents may seem more distant. Charlotte Bronte frequently employs natural imagery to illustrate dangerous and malicious realities that Jane herself does not see. At times, this imagery functions as straightforward as symbolism (e. g. Chestnut Tree). When lightning nearly entirely destroys the chestnut tree in the orchard on the evening on her engagement to Rochester, Bronte’s disapproval of their proposed union as one becomes clear. However, Bronte is also using this imagery to disguise and hide the transformations that will eventually occur between Jane and Rochester, seeing as the tree has not been divided by the roots – their eventual union will occur. The emphasis on an ‘unquiet’ sea informs the reader that Jane could probably be in danger, and the nature of this danger refers to the vulnerable position she was in with her reputation. As during the historical context of the 1940’s, Jane’s position was extremely unstable as Rochester’s romantic advancements endanger her reputation. She has no proper family network to fall back on as support, and not even beauty as a resource ‘I will show you a heroine as plain and as small as myself’. Using symbolism throughout the novel the moon in Jane Eyre is used as a metaphor for change. The moon is described of or seen many times throughout the novel, when Jane’s life is about to make a change. When Jane leaves Gateshead ‘by the light of a half-moon just setting’ (Ch. 5 p. 49), and also when she first meets Rochester ‘on the hill top above me sat the rising moon’ (Ch. 12 p. 132). Food is used throughout the novel to represent want. One example of this is when Jane is at Lowood School. Her food is scarce, and the older students usually take some from her plate to begin with. The burnt porridge is given as an example; however the hunger Jane feels is not only from her physical desire for food, but also for personal growth as well. When she is finally accepted by the school, and begins to accomplish things for herself, she no longer focuses on her hunger as she is filling herself up with achievements, ‘That night, on going to bed, I forgot to prepare in imagination the Barmecide supper, of hot roast potatoes, or white bread and new milk, with which I was wont to amuse my inward cravings. I feasted instead on the spectacle of ideal drawings, which I saw in the dark all the work of my own hands. (Chapter 8). Similar to this is that of when Jane is welcomed to the Moor House. She has barely eaten and begs for food, and physically weak due to her hunger. When she arrives at the house and is welcomed there, Jane becomes much more satisfied with the friendship she finds that the food she is offered. She had been hungry for companionship and finds it with Diana and Mary. Fire in Jane Eyre depicts the view of passion as an uncontrollable, almost violent force. After the wedding, when Jane suddenly finds out about Bertha, Mr. Rochester’s wife, Rochester requests her pledge of fidelity in return for his. Jane is apprehensive about answering and describes her thoughts ‘a hand of fiery iron grasped my vitals. Terrible moment: full of struggle, blackness, burning! Not a human being that ever lived could wish to be loved better than I was loved’ (pg. 278). This powerful image represents Jane and Rochester’s passion, and how Jane almost succumbs to the powerful force. The image of fire conveys the potentially destructive force in passion. Through different moods, different symbols the reader can be captivated throughout the novel by the narrative techniques employed by Charlotte Bronte. Through first person narration we develop a closer relationship with the narrator, although we as the readers drift further apart from the other characters and our interpretations of them are not as broad as other points of view would have allowed them to be. With the use of natural imagery in metaphors, we see the double meanings of many symbols throughout the novel that suggest and predict the outcome of human nature, which introduces the gothic imagery and elements employed into the novel as well. Through these techniques we develop more of an understanding of the text, and Jane and Rochester’s relationship as well as Jane’s personal growth. Through the use of fantasy (Blue Beard’s Castle) and symbolism (chestnut tree) gothic elements are employed into the novel frequently and emphasize the Romantic gothic elements prevalent within the novel. These narrative techniques are used to increase the flow of the narrative and its consistency in the description of the world surrounding Jane.

Thursday, April 16, 2020

Youth Problems free essay sample

We want to see as more countries as possible; to meet various people of diffrent nationalities, in short we want to take of life as much as life can permit us. But the only place where we feel ourselves comfortable, protected is our home. Of course there are a lot of examples when teenagers leave their parents, their sweet home. The reason of their leaving sometimes in misunderstanding between them and their parents. Being a child you want more attention †¦ Later you need a good advice†¦ then freedom. But usually the desired freedoom is replaced by the strictness of our parents, their great desire to take care of us, to teach us. They don`t understand that their children are adult and have their own opinion, own wishes. And as a rule our desires and the ones of our parents are differ. There are some teenagers,who don’t want to tell to their parents most things about their life. We will write a custom essay sample on Youth Problems or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Parents are often heard to say that as well their teenage children become more independent, so they tend to become less communicative. When asked about why they kept some things from their parents,many teenagers explained they were afraid their parents would not understand. This is because adolescence is said a time when young people are experimenting and seaching for their individual identities. Another reason is that our parents are always short of time . Their being busy steals the time which can be devoted to help their children, to listen to their problems. So, their children feel indifference and look for attention ,advice,support among their friends,in the streets. . Teenagers want to seem more modern and cool, they don`t want to differ from others of their age so they try the â€Å"forbidden apple†. Being under attack of bad influence of the street: teenagers begin to smoke, try drugs , drink alcohol etcTheir life becomes broken to pieces. I don`t agree with those who do the same. The problem of these bad habits became global nowadays. I think it is necessary to fight with this problem. Drugs kill the youth and the future of tenagers. It is a real tragedy for them and for their parents . Parents should be more attentive to their children in order not to make them unhappy. They must be a source of example and information for their children. I am happy that my parents are very nice people, I can take a lot from them. They are good example for me. Of course the biggest part of parents take care of their children, they help in different situations with good pieces of advices, they support them and help to solve problems. One of the teenagers problems is chosing the future profession. There are a lot of them:teachers, doctors, engeneeres, programmists, sailors, workers, translators, economists. Some of them implies communication with people,others working with machines. In future I want to be a translator. English is my favourite subject at school. I`ve decided to connect my life with English, I really understand that it is my way. I like this profession because English is an international language and this fact gives us a chance to communicate with people of different nationalities. Another problem is school. It is full of rules, duties, lessons†¦The school helps to realise aims,which they dreamt for a long time. You must do a lot of things you never did before, and you find it difficult. But being obedient, I understood that it is necessary to get good results. The final years of secondary school are generally as a fairly stressful period for students. There are exams to get ready for, desicions about the future to be made and many aspects of growing up to come to face with. In spite of all these it may seem surprising that students of this age have enough time and energy left for forming relationships. It is also the problem of teenagers. They must be very attentive in chosing real friends. What qualities do girls like best in boys? â€Å"Confidence†, say teenagers. Someones put being funny at the top of their lists. And what do boys most value in girls? Not surprisingly that good looks topped their list. I think when you are a teenager, you want to be attractive to everyone. You want to be acceptable to your peers, male and female. Nowadays under the influence of the intertainment industry, many young people are spending countless hours dieting, pumping iron, and doing aerobic exercises, all in an effort to transform the size and shape of their bodies. I know some girls which starving in order to achieve that â€Å"perfect† body. But we are not perfect. In my opinion, if we can not have the greatest look ,we may can work with what you`ve . I think proper rest and sleep,neat clothes and good manners can help us to look and feel our best. People are attracted to someone who uses kind , tactful speech and who shows consideration for others. Finaly, we may find it helpful to cultivate a balanced sence of humor. A person who has a sence of humor often makes friends easily. I think a person should and have to have many friends. But among them there can be only two or three a real ones. Real friends will never betray each other, they are always ready to help. They say : â€Å"A friend in need is a friend indeed†. It is wonderful if your school friend will remain your real friend for the rest of your life. Life is difficult, and you never know what is going to be tomorrow. We should be wise . If we want people around us to be kind and tactful, if we want them to help us, we should do the same towards them. This will make our life more humain. The problems of teenagers are countlees. They say this period of life of every person is a desease which should be overcome. Problems are always exist. I think that without problems our life will be boring. Moreover, when people start to cope with different problems they become stronger and get experience. They harden like steel while overcoming problems . We should have problems in order to learn to live.

Friday, March 13, 2020

Fear - Argumentum ad Baculum

Appeal to Force/Fear - Argumentum ad Baculum The Latin term argumentum ad baculum means argument to the stick. This fallacy occurs whenever a person makes an implicit or explicit threat of physical or psychological violence against others if they refuse to accept the conclusions offered. It can also occur whenever its claimed that accepting a conclusion or idea will lead to disaster, ruin, or harm. You can think of the argumentum ad baculum as having this form: Some threat of violence is made or implied. Therefore, the conclusion should be accepted. It would be very unusual for such a threat to be logically relevant to the conclusion or for the truth-value of a conclusion to be made any more likely by such threats. A distinction should be made, of course, between rational reasons and prudential reasons. No fallacy, the Appeal to Force included, can give rational reasons to believe a conclusion. This one, however, might give prudential reasons for action. If the threat is credible and bad enough, it might provide a reason to act as if you believed it. It is more common to hear such a fallacy in children, for example when one says If you dont agree that this show is the best, Ill hit you! Unfortunately, this fallacy isnt limited to children. Examples and Discussion of the Appeal to Force Here are some ways in which we sometimes see the appeal to force used in arguments: You should believe God exists because, if you dont, when you die you will be judged and God will send you to Hell for all of eternity. You dont want to be tortured in Hell, do you? If not, it is a safer bet to believe in God than to not believe. This is a simplified form of Pascals Wager, an argument often heard from some Christians. A god is not made any more likely to exist simply because someone says that if we dont believe in it, then we will be harmed in the end. Similarly, belief in a god is not made any more rational simply because we are afraid of going to some hell. By appealing to our fear of pain and our desire to avoid suffering, the above argument is committing a Fallacy of Relevance. Sometimes, the threats can be more subtle, as in this example: We need a strong military in order to deter our enemies. If you dont support this new spending bill to develop better airplanes, our enemies will think we are weak and, at some point, will attack us - killing millions. Do you want to be responsible for the deaths of millions, Senator? Here, the person doing the arguing isnt making a direct physical threat. Instead, they are bringing psychological pressure to bear by suggesting that if the Senator does not vote for the proposed spending bill, s/he will be responsible for other deaths later on. Unfortunately, no evidence is offered that such a possibility is a credible threat. Because of this, there is no clear connection between the premise about our enemies and the conclusion that the proposed bill is in the countrys best interests. We can also see the emotional appeal being used - no one wants to be responsible for the deaths of millions of fellow citizens. The Appeal to Force fallacy can also occur in cases where no actual physical violence is offered, but instead, just threats to ones well being. Patrick J. Hurley uses this example in his book A Concise Introduction to Logic: Secretary to boss: I deserve a raise in salary for the coming year. After all, you know how friendly I am with your wife, and Im sure you wouldnt want her to find out whats been going on between you and that sexpot client of yours. It doesnt matter here whether anything inappropriate has been going on between the boss and the client. What matters is that the boss is being threatened - not with physical violence like being hit, but rather with his marriage and other personal relationships being destabilized if not destroyed.

Tuesday, February 25, 2020

How the events of the 1660s changed London Essay

How the events of the 1660s changed London - Essay Example By the end of 1660 things were subtly different within the city of London. London housed about 350, 000 people and it were dwarfing all the other major cities in England. The requirement to extend the city was at its peak. The reign of Charles II witnessed the extension of the city westwards with the inception of parks, squares and personal masterpiece with the title St. James’ which meticulously intrigue with the architecture of Wren inspired designs evolved with a major conflict between tradition and innovation. Contextually, the street plan of London was in a chaotic form still (Robinson, 2011; Monash University, 1997). The role of Monarchy in restoration of 1660 was crucial and it affected London to a great extent as well. Various laws passed by the Charles II manifested in smooth running of trade and commerce along with civil governance in London followed by its prosperity. The 1660 act of Indemnity and Oblivion enabled the restoration of the lands of Crown and Churches automatically thereby the confiscated land was made available for negotiation and litigation publicly (The Royal Household, 2009). Art, architecture and theatre of London saw a huge transition in its form, shape and execution in 1660 along with the huge leap of events in the field of science, technology, research and education. The establishment of Bank of England and the dissolve of open air theatre to restoration of comedy made more popular in England holding the hands of theatre practices in London. The coffee house trend was at its peak during the restoration period in London which helped to instigate seminal art and culture rapidly (Tiscali, 2013). In the field of scientific research, London witnessed a huge event in the month of November 1660, when ‘The Royal Society of London for Improving Natural Science’ was established. The establishment of Dissenting Academy and its collaborative activity with

Sunday, February 9, 2020

Referring to at least three of the case study countries,'Liberal Essay

Referring to at least three of the case study countries,'Liberal Democracy is an ideal which many countries believe in but seldo - Essay Example Liberal democratic execution and performance incorporates the practices of the existing liberal governments. Moreover, there are some international standards that any government must fulfill to qualify as a liberal democratic government. However, differences experienced in liberal democracies globally are brought about by variations in the implementation of liberal democratic principles. The comparison between liberal democracies in the world governments is exceedingly complicated by the existing differences in the definition of the term in diverse political, social, and economical settings. However, liberal democracy principles are universally based on the three main principles, the regime longevity or endurance, liberal democratic value delivery and government efficacy (Skinner 1998, p. 89). Various countries have a strong acuity on the liberal democracy principles, its standards and importance in political, social and economic development. However, a good number of countries that value liberal democracy ideas have a setback in achieving its intended objectives. The essay will entail a case study expounding on the manner in which different countries implement the liberal democracy ideologies and principles. ... To begin with, the United States of America has federal political institutions comprising of 50 states and the District of Columbia. In a federal government structure like that of the United States, the power of the executive is separated from the judicial functions in line with liberal democracy principles. The constituents have executive self-government powers, which lead to economic inequality among different states in the United States of America (Graham, Farkas and Grady 2007, p. 345). The United States of America president is elected after every four years with a two term limit. Although millions of people participate in the election, the president is not elected directly by the country’s citizens but by 538 highly regarded members of an Electoral College. This is slightly in contrast to the basic tenets of a liberal democracy whereby the general public should have the mandate of electing their leaders including the president as it is the case in Russia and France. In th e United States, the Congress which is the country’s legislature is made up of 435 house of representative members and 100 hundred senate members. Each state is represented by two senators for a term of six years. Members in the House of Representatives serve for a period of two years and are elected from single member constituencies. Members of the Congress who are the representatives of the general public have the power to approve the government’s financial outlays as well as legislations. In developing countries, the president has the absolute power of appointing all government officials. In the United States, the president can veto legislations but with the support of two third majority vote